How Women Agronomists in Ethiopia are Helping Improve Gender Equality
September 24, 2019
In Ethiopia, women agronomists worked with Nespresso to support more than 40,000 coffee farmers with training on best agricultural practices, simultaneously improving the status of women throughout the value chain.
Editor’s note: A version of this story was originally published by Nespresso.
In Ethiopia, lifelong coffee farmers are learning how to revive their farms with the help of Nespresso agronomists.
In the community of Hunkute, Kebebushe Fissa is teaching a farmer how to “stump” or cut back his coffee plants to encourage regrowth. As she shows him what to do, he hangs on to every word she says. For a local woman to have such influence in the production of coffee is rare: but in Ethiopia, times are changing.
Kebebushe is one of 79 agronomists working with Nespresso in the country to support more than 40,000 coffee farmers with best farming practices. An agronomist can quickly become a friend to the family, as they constantly visit farmers to offer training on topics such as coffee picking, soil management, and composting. Thirty-five percent of them are women.
It’s an encouraging number. While women are critical to smallholder agriculture and therefore coffee, they’re often excluded from making important decisions and don’t always earn a fair wage for their work.
“The challenge we have is that the more valuable a supply chain becomes in terms of revenue, the more it tends to become a ‘man's crop’."
– Mefthe Tadesse, TechnoServe Ethiopia country director
The women agronomists are part of the team TechnoServe has in the region as part of the Nespresso AAA Sustainable Quality™ Program. Since 2006, TechnoServe has supported the program with with agronomy and farm management training, while simultaneously promoting gender equality.
“Earlier statistics told us that 75 percent of the work in the whole coffee value chain in Ethiopia is carried out by women, whereas only 43 percent of the income is earned by those same women,” says Mefthe Tadesse, TechnoServe’s country director for Ethiopia.
“The challenge we have is that the more valuable a supply chain becomes in terms of revenue, the more it tends to become a ‘man's crop’. Women do a lot of the work in terms of farming, picking, and managing, but when it comes to actually trading that coffee in the market place, it's a man's job.”
As well as training women to become agronomists, TechnoServe empowers them to take leadership roles in coffee cooperatives. To increase female participation, the Nespresso AAA Sustainable Quality™ Program has found that it’s important to engage not only women, but also men in the community. For example, husbands are encouraged to bring their wives to training sessions, because women often feel more comfortable coming to training when they are with their husbands. The strategy has paid off. Participation by women farmers has risen from one percent to more than 30 percent in the region.
"My own farm has become better and larger. I am happy because I was born here, and now I teach families from here.” – Kebebushe Fissa, coffee farmer and agronomist
Not only are farmers seeing the results of Kebebushe’s training, but she, too, has improved her own crops.
“I was raised in a coffee-producing region, but I had no farm management skills,” said the agronomist, who lives in Hunkute. “Now, between what I have learned, and the money I earn as a Nespresso AAA Sustainable Quality™ Program field agronomist, my own farm has become better and larger. I am happy because I was born here, and now I teach families from here.”
Ethiopia’s high number of women agronomists is not the only reason why the place is special to us. It’s also the birthplace of arabica.
Today, most farmers cultivate coffee in their gardens and it can also be found growing wild.
Learn more about TechnoServe's coffee expertise.
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