Creating New Vocations for India’s Rural Youth

Rural youth in Karnataka, India, are learning to treat farming as a business and are reaping the rewards.

After graduating from the Agri Fellow program, Suresha purchased two high-yielding Jersey cows and planted fodder for them on his family farm.

This month, to celebrate new graduates, we are sharing stories of young people who have graduated from TechnoServe’s programs around the world. In India, young people like Suresha have been able to transform their farms and their lives through the Cargill Agri Fellow (CAF) program.

At 18 years old, Suresha had already completed his schooling, and even taken an additional course at an industrial training institute. Still, he felt no closer to creating a solid future for himself. Walking around his rural hometown of Bannikodu village in Davangere, India, Suresha couldn’t see an avenue to a prosperous livelihood. That is, until he passed by Bannnikodu’s community center, where he spotted a poster announcing an agricultural fellowship program for rural youth.

Now I can identify various breeds of cows, calculate daily dosages of feed, fodder, and mineral mixture…I advise my friends and fellow villagers too. This gives me immense confidence and happiness.”

In India, three-fifths of the population depend on agriculture for their livelihoods, while the nation at large relies on the sector to not only feed its population, but to provide one-fifth of its GDP. Nonetheless, farmers are making less and less income, and more and more young people are leaving their rural hometowns. Faced with stagnation or even poverty in the agricultural economies in which they were born, many are forced into low-paying industrial jobs far from home.

Despite his drive and education, Suresha had also been considering a factory job, but was hesitant to leave his home and his family in search of work and an uncertain future. However, after seeing the poster for the Cargill Agri Fellow (CAF) program at the community center, he hoped for a new life path.

The CAF program specifically aims to help rural youth like Suresha develop their skills for running agricultural businesses. The Agri Fellow program is a key component of Saathi, a four-year local economic development project being implemented by TechnoServe in partnership with Cargill, which has set up a wet corn milling plant in the area. For youth like Suresha, a viable, local opportunity for professional success had been a much hoped-for dream, and a key to India’s future economy and food security. Suresha recalls, “When I came to know that the CAF program is about self-employment in agriculture, it instantly struck a chord.”

In the classroom portion of the Agri Fellow program, Suresha and other students learned about good agricultural and business practices to improve their family farms or start their own agribusinesses.

When Suresha joined CAF, he and 14 other Fellows – ages 16 to 30 – began a month and a half of practical training at the University of Agricultural Sciences in Dharwad, Karnataka. The university setting fostered an innovative environment where program participants could focus on how and where they can build careers in agriculture. Of the university training, Suresha says, “It was a life-changing experience for me. I attended lectures by senior professors, and met successful farmers and agri-entrepreneurs who are making a comfortable living from agriculture. I could not have dreamt that I would get such an opportunity in my life. It has opened my mind and changed my perspective toward agriculture.” After the classroom sessions, he completed a field apprenticeship, working alongside the TechnoServe team on his farm in order to hone his skills and solidify his business plans.

I learned that farmers should optimally utilize all of their resources, so I plan to increase my vegetable and dairy farms. I will now motivate others to do farming in a more profitable way.’’

Today, Suresha has made himself and his family proud, and is an inspiration for his peers in the village. Diligently applying all the knowledge acquired during his training, Suresha is working to maximize the potential of his family farm, and is even starting new initiatives of his own. The change is visible on the farm, where he has implemented good agricultural practices like vermicomposting, changed the cropping pattern, and added livestock to the farming portfolio.

He explains, “Now I calculate the production cost and revenue from all my agricultural activities and plan farming activities accordingly in our three acres of land. Earlier my family cultivated paddy, vegetables, and betel vine following traditional practices. I changed the cropping in our land (to grow more vegetables), as they are more profitable, and am now cultivating sorghum as fodder for my two cows.”

Suresha receives his graduation certificate from the University of Agricultural Sciences in Dharwad, Karnataka before beginning the field practice portion of his fellowship.

In a span of only six months, Suresha’s initiatives effectively doubled the revenue potential of his family’s farm. The protein-rich fodder has improved his cows’ health and production, and the increased profit margin amplifies the benefits of his techniques, proving the transformative opportunity available to rural youth when they apply best practices to their farms and begin to think of agriculture as a business and profession.

Whereas before Suresha saw no career on the farm, he is now proud of the many calculations and business decisions that he makes daily to grow the farm. ‘’Now I can identify various breeds of cows, calculate daily dosages of feed, fodder, and mineral mixture depending upon the age, weight, and milking capacity of cows. I advise my friends and fellow villagers too. This gives me immense confidence and happiness.’’

While Suresha’s enthusiasm and drive have certainly spurred this quick activity and improvement on the farm, he prides himself on being strategic in his growth. “At the university…I learned that farmers should optimally utilize all of their resources, so I plan to increase my vegetable and dairy farms…by using techniques that use minimum fertilizer, land, and investment. This way, I can grow more at a lower cost. I will now motivate others to do farming in a more profitable way.’’

Suresha works alongside the TechnoServe team in his vegetable garden. Practical mentorship on the farm helps to sharpen and concretize classroom learnings.

Suresha’s father, Mudirangappara Beerappa, is highly supportive. “After Suresha got training on good agricultural practices and the business associated with it, we started changing our farming system. It is now yielding handsome revenue. Earlier we were not as organized. Now Suresha, my wife, and I discuss our plans together and plan activities that are more profitable and at the same time better for farm health. Suresha’s training has been eye-opening for my whole household.”

The graduates of the CAF program have been trained not only transform their own farms, but also to launch other agribusinesses that can support a healthy agricultural market. Among the first batch of graduates you can meet dairy farmers, mushroom producers, drip irrigation engineers, and vermicompost providers, and other professionals. This diversity will directly help build the business support infrastructure needed to facilitate further agricultural development within the community for a more prosperous future.

Learn more about TechnoServe’s work to support prosperous rural livelihoods in India.